圖片版權 AFP

2017年,鐵腕執政將近30年的大獨裁者穆加貝被「無血政變」逼宮下台。津巴布韋人歡欣雀躍、湧上街頭慶祝。他們說,「等待這一刻已經好久了。」

穆加貝專制統治時期,國內經濟危機持續惡化,人民貧困程度不斷加深。雖然新政府中,穆加貝曾經領導的非洲民族聯盟-愛國陣線(ZANU-PF)仍然佔據主導地位,新舵手姆南加古瓦也曾是穆加貝忠實的支持者,但他執政伊始立即宣佈,津巴布韋掀開了新篇章。

他承諾,新政府將致力建設一個民主、繁榮的津巴布韋;他表示,新政府將把經濟復蘇放在最重要的位置,為常年生活窘困的津巴布韋人創造更多的就業機會、更美好的生活。

一年多過去了,眼下,津巴布韋人卻在發愁,日子怎麼好像越來越難過?食品、汽油短缺,停電成了常態;工資一再被拖欠,領到手的錢含金量天天縮水;養老金眼看著就變成了空頭支票……

BBC記者查坎內薩最近走訪津巴布韋首都哈拉雷。她發現,有些人開始帶上玫瑰眼鏡往回看,懷念穆加貝時代。

  • 津巴布韋總統穆加貝辭職 首都街頭民眾歡慶
  • 後穆加貝時代 津巴布韋會變成怎樣?
  • 10個數字讓你了解:津巴布韋到底發生了什麼
圖片版權 Instagram Image caption 網上流傳的穆加貝近照

這位穿著打扮酷似嘻哈樂隊成員的老爺爺是誰? 一位朋友給我手機發來一張照片,配文「猜猜這是誰?」我不由仔細端詳。

照片上的老人留著鬍子,一身黑白兩色的阿迪達斯運動套狀,配同色系運動鞋,棒球帽帽檐壓到很低。

朋友後來發信驚呼,這是鮑勃同志啊!(譯者注:當地人俗稱穆加貝鮑勃同志)

我瞇上眼睛聚聚焦,再一打量,臉型很熟,方框眼鏡,確實,這真是津巴布韋共和國前總統。

輪椅上的穆加貝,和我們從前熟悉的那個版本相比好像大幅度「縮水」。

照片在網上瘋傳,引發各種各樣的情緒:懷疑,吃驚,好笑,漠然……或許,最令人吃驚的是:懷念。

眼下,這種情緒好像正在蔓延,越來越普遍。

圖片版權 Getty Images Image caption 八月初聯合國報告指出,津巴布韋超過500萬人(約佔總人口三分之一)需要食品援助,這其中許多人瀕臨饑餓邊緣

我第一次聽說,是出自一位反對派鐵桿粉絲之口。他告訴我,雖然他從來不喜歡穆加貝,但至少,穆加貝掌權的時候,你清楚自己的處境。至於新總統姆南加古瓦?他搖搖頭說,「永遠搞不清楚。」

轉天,在哈拉雷郊外搭乘小轎車,我們忽左忽右地變道,躲避公路上的坑坑窪窪。出租車司機向我們解釋了他認為今不如昔的原因。

他指給我們看加油站,大約有30輛汽車在排隊。出租司機說,有時候他要早上五點起牀排隊—前提還得是:有油可等!接下來,他又調侃,「也不能說糟糕透頂。我弟弟在排隊加油的時候認識了女朋友!」

圖片版權 Reuters

哈拉雷市中心,又出現一條人龍。這一條,繞著護照辦公室低矮的建築物盤旋。過去幾個月,紙張、油墨短缺讓津巴布韋人幾乎無法更換新護照。

帶著必要的文件和滿腹的希望,有人在辦公室外通宵安營,或者,凌晨就來排隊。

我聽有人說,他被告知,2022年再回來申請!但也有人告訴我,有關係、有硬通貨幣,加塞沒問題。

津巴布韋流傳著一則笑話:看見有人排隊,必須立刻加入,萬一有東西呢。

人龍還催生一項新產業:給一點錢,有人會替你排隊。

現在在津巴布韋,要過生活,必須有開創精神。我認識的幾乎所有的人都有一系列的創業項目。一位朋友白天種鵝莓,晚上寫代碼;另外一位正式工作是銀行出納,周末倒賣二手服裝、兼向通勤者出租迷你巴士。

圖片版權 Getty Images Image caption 長期乾旱,卡裏巴湖水位降低,發電量銳減

在其他國家,創業精神更加高大上,和發明、創新緊密相連,但在津巴布韋,創業完全是被生活所迫。因為,有工作也不一定保證你領到工資。在傳統的採礦業城市奎奎(Kwe Kew),一家煉鋼公司的工人將近一年沒有領到薪水了。

問問所有的津巴布韋人現在日子怎麼樣,他們的回答可能都會是一個字:zvakapressa,這是英語和邵納語(shona)的融合字,意思是「太難」。

在一家酒店的吧台,年輕的侍應生向我解釋了他的日子到底有多難過,「我幾乎付不起通勤上班的車錢。我們只能禱告,不會變到像2008年那樣。」

啊,2008年,那是津巴布韋人衡量糟糕程度的尺碼。

2008年是我們津巴布韋創紀錄的一年,通貨膨脹一度飆升到百分之2億3千1百萬。那一年,我們都是億萬富豪,不過大把鈔票毫無用處,因為商店裏貨架空空;那一年,人還沒下公交車呢,車票可能就又漲價了。

人們擔心,我們正在朝那個方向滑落。(鈔票上數字後面)加零的遊戲已經開始了。

圖片版權 AFP

過去兩個星期內,電費飛漲300%。就是這樣,有些地方每天可能還停電長達18個小時。

一位家傭告訴我,在她做工的那一帶,每天晚上10點來電、凌晨4點停電,她只能半夜起來熨衣服。除此之外,還能怎麼辦?

但是,如果穆加貝沒下台,日子真的會比現在好過些嗎?歸根結底,2008年時也是穆加貝執政。

或許,時間沖淡了記憶,人們開始懷念那位穿著運動套裝坐輪椅的耄耋老人?

或許你還喜歡:

  • 穆加貝夫婦的香港緣:購物、置業和官非
  • 四大兵法:大獨裁者終身制指南
  • 記者來鴻:古馳女、大鱷魚和老人當政
圖片版權 Getty Images 事實核查

那麼,津巴布韋人現在的日子真的要比穆加貝執政期間更難過嗎?BBC事實核查團隊分析了幾項關鍵經濟指標。

最新數據顯示,過去一年,以人均GDP衡量,津巴布韋經濟有所收縮。

/* sc-component-id: components__EditorialFooterDiv-s4q8aoa-0 */.kKlRIM.kKlRIM{max-width:100%;width:100%;font-size:16px;box-sizing:border-box;word-break:break-word;display:-webkit-box;display:-webkit-flex;display:-ms-flexbox;display:flex;-webkit-align-items:flex-end;-webkit-box-align:flex-end;-ms-flex-align:flex-end;align-items:flex-end;} .kKlRIM.kKlRIM:last-of-type{border-top:1px solid;margin-top:2px;} .kKlRIM.kKlRIM:last-of-type{padding-top:4px;}/* sc-component-id: components__EditorialFooterSource-s4q8aoa-2 */.eaehaZ.eaehaZ{max-width:100%;width:100%;box-sizing:border-box;word-break:break-word;display:-webkit-box;display:-webkit-flex;display:-ms-flexbox;display:flex;-webkit-box-pack:justify;-webkit-justify-content:space-between;-ms-flex-pack:justify;justify-content:space-between;}/* sc-component-id: components__EditorialFooterBBCLogo-s4q8aoa-3 */.fFKUty.fFKUty{margin:4px 0;box-sizing:border-box;height:15px;width:45px;opacity:0.6;margin-left:4px;-webkit-flex:0 0 auto;-ms-flex:0 0 auto;flex:0 0 auto;}/* sc-component-id: components__EditorialTitle-s4q8aoa-4 */.bCwWpe.bCwWpe{font-size:24px;font-weight:bold;line-height:29px;word-break:break-word;padding:0;margin:0;}/* sc-component-id: components__EditorialSubtitle-s4q8aoa-5 */.YjuiG.YjuiG{font-size:20px;font-weight:normal;line-height:24px;word-break:break-word;padding:0;margin:0;}/* sc-component-id: VegaGraph__VegaContainer-s1vljnmg-0 */.fMcNIw.fMcNIw{padding:16px 0;}/* sc-component-id: VegaGraphic__GraphicContainer-hdlj7c-0 */.iiWFxl.iiWFxl{width:100%;background-color:#fff;font-family:Helvetica,Arial,'STHeiti','华文黑体','Microsoft YaHei','微软雅黑','SimSun','宋体';box-sizing:border-box;} html, body{ margin: 0; padding: 0; } @font-face { font-family: 'ReithSans'; font-display: swap; src: url(/static/media/BBCReithSans_W_Rg.woff2) format("woff2"), url(/static/media/BBCReithSans_W_Rg.woff) format("woff"); } @font-face { font-family: 'ReithSans'; font-display: swap; src: url(/static/media/BBCReithSans_W_Md.woff2) format("woff2"), url(/static/media/BBCReithSans_W_Md.woff) format("woff"); font-weight: bold; } @font-face { font-family: 'BBCNassim'; font-display: swap; src: url(/static/media/BBCNassimRegularFADesktop.ttf) format("truetype"); } @font-face { font-family: 'BBCNassim'; font-display: swap; src: url(/static/media/BBCNassimBoldFADesktop.ttf) format("truetype"); font-weight: bold; } @font-face { font-family: 'Iskoola_pota_bbc'; font-display: swap; src: url(/static/media/iskpotaRegular.ttf) format("truetype"); } @font-face { font-family: 'Iskoola_pota_bbc'; font-display: swap; src: url(/static/media/iskpotaBold.ttf) format("truetype"); font-weight: bold; } @font-face { font-family: 'Latha'; font-display: swap; src: url(/static/media/lathaRegular.ttf) format("truetype"); } @font-face { font-family: 'Latha'; font-display: swap; src: url(/static/media/lathaBold.ttf) format("truetype"); font-weight: bold; } @font-face { font-family: 'Mangal'; font-display: swap; src: url(/static/media/mangalRegular.ttf) format("truetype"); } @font-face { font-family: 'Mangal'; font-display: swap; src: url(/static/media/mangalBold.ttf) format("truetype"); font-weight: bold; } @font-face { font-family: 'Noto Sans CJK KR'; font-display: swap; src: url(/static/media/NotoSansCJKkr-Regular.otf) format("opentype"); } @font-face { font-family: 'Noto Sans CJK KR'; font-display: swap; src: url(/static/media/NotoSansCJKkr-Bold.otf) format("opentype"); font-weight: bold; } @font-face { font-family: 'Noto Sans Gurmukhi'; font-display: swap; src: url(/static/media/NotoSansGurmukhi-Regular.ttf) format("truetype"); } @font-face { font-family: 'Noto Sans Gurmukhi'; font-display: swap; src: url(/static/media/NotoSansGurmukhi-Bold.ttf) format("truetype"); font-weight: bold; } @font-face { font-family: 'Padauk'; font-display: swap; src: url(/static/media/PadaukRegular.ttf) format("truetype"); } @font-face { font-family: 'Padauk'; font-display: swap; src: url(/static/media/PadaukBold.ttf) format("truetype"); font-weight: bold; } @font-face { font-family: 'Shonar_bangala'; font-display: swap; src: url(/static/media/ShonarRegular.ttf) format("truetype"); } @font-face { font-family: 'Shonar_bangala'; font-display: swap; src: url(/static/media/ShonarBold.ttf) format("truetype"); font-weight: bold; } @font-face { font-family: 'NotoSansEthiopic'; font-display: swap; src: url(/static/media/NotoSansEthiopic-Regular.ttf) format("truetype"); } @font-face { font-family: 'NotoSansEthiopic'; font-display: swap; src: url(/static/media/NotoSansEthiopic-Bold.ttf) format("truetype"); font-weight: bold; }
津巴布韋經濟產出

美元

2013年以後數據為IMF估算
來源:IMF,世界經濟展望
IDT.init({"graphicUUID":"faea3703-12c8-4237-8e63-3d15e147ddb7","spec":{"$schema":"https://vega.github.io/schema/vega/v4.0.0.json","padding":0,"autosize":{"type":"fit","resize":false,"contains":"padding"},"config":{"axis":{"domainColor":"#CCCCCC","tickColor":"#CCCCCC","gridColor":"#CCCCCC","ticks":false,"labelFontSize":16,"labelPadding":10,"labelFont":{"signal":"fontFamily"},"labelLimit":1000,"titleFont":{"signal":"fontFamily"},"titleFontSize":13,"titleFontWeight":"normal","titleLimit":{"signal":"chartWidth"}},"legend":{"labelLimit":1000}},"signals":[{"name":"angleLabels","value":false},{"name":"alphaIDKeys","value":false},{"name":"leftEdge","value":0},{"name":"customLegendColumns","value":1},{"name":"alphabetKeyColumns","value":1},{"name":"customLegendX2","value":null},{"name":"alphabetKeyX2","value":null},{"name":"RTL","value":false},{"name":"chartHeight","value":300},{"name":"chartWidth","value":300},{"name":"hiddenBottomAxisLabelIndexes","value":[]},{"name":"chartPlotWidth","value":null},{"name":"leftAxisTitleLongerThanLabels","value":true},{"name":"canUseAlphaIDKeys","value":true},{"name":"fontFamily","value":"Helvetica, Arial, 'STHeiti', '华文黑体', 'Microsoft YaHei', '微软雅黑', 'SimSun', '宋体'"},{"name":"lineExtents","value":{"人均GDP":{"minVal":2009,"maxVal":2019}}}],"data":[{"name":"idtData","values":[{"x":2009,"localisedX":"2,009","alphaIDX":"A","keyedX":"A - 2,009","y":790.352,"lineName":"人均GDP"},{"x":2010,"localisedX":"2,010","alphaIDX":"B","keyedX":"B - 2,010","y":975.851,"lineName":"人均GDP"},{"x":2011,"localisedX":"2,011","alphaIDX":"C","keyedX":"C - 2,011","y":1131.84,"lineName":"人均GDP"},{"x":2012,"localisedX":"2,012","alphaIDX":"D","keyedX":"D - 2,012","y":1310.37,"lineName":"人均GDP"},{"x":2013,"localisedX":"2,013","alphaIDX":"E","keyedX":"E - 2,013","y":1421.55,"lineName":"人均GDP"},{"x":2014,"localisedX":"2,014","alphaIDX":"F","keyedX":"F - 2,014","y":1415.03,"lineName":"人均GDP"},{"x":2015,"localisedX":"2,015","alphaIDX":"G","keyedX":"G - 2,015","y":1412.32,"lineName":"人均GDP"},{"x":2016,"localisedX":"2,016","alphaIDX":"H","keyedX":"H - 2,016","y":1382.89,"lineName":"人均GDP"},{"x":2017,"localisedX":"2,017","alphaIDX":"I","keyedX":"I - 2,017","y":1471.41,"lineName":"人均GDP"},{"x":2018,"localisedX":"2,018","alphaIDX":"J","keyedX":"J - 2,018","y":1711.82,"lineName":"人均GDP"},{"x":2019,"localisedX":"2,019","alphaIDX":"K","keyedX":"K - 2,019","y":1423.49,"lineName":"人均GDP"}],"format":{"parse":{"x":"number"}}},{"name":"legendData","values":[{"lineName":"人均GDP","colour":"#1380A1","svgPath":"M 0 -5 A 5 5 0 1 1 10 -5 A 5 5 0 1 1 0 -5","filled":true}]},{"name":"alphabetKeyData","values":[{"display":"A - 2,009"},{"display":"B - 2,010"},{"display":"C - 2,011"},{"display":"D - 2,012"},{"display":"E - 2,013"},{"display":"F - 2,014"},{"display":"G - 2,015"},{"display":"H - 2,016"},{"display":"I - 2,017"},{"display":"J - 2,018"},{"display":"K - 2,019"}]}],"layout":{"columns":1,"padding":{"row":0,"column":0}},"marks":[{"type":"group","name":"customLegend_alphabetKey","interactive":false,"encode":{"update":{"width":{"signal":"canUseAlphaIDKeys && alphaIDKeys ? null : 0"},"height":{"signal":"canUseAlphaIDKeys && alphaIDKeys ? null : 0"},"clip":{"signal":"canUseAlphaIDKeys && alphaIDKeys ? false : true"}}},"marks":[{"type":"group","name":"legendHorizontalPositioner","encode":{"update":{"x":[{"test":"RTL && item.items.length","signal":"leftEdge + chartWidth - alphabetKeyX2"},{"signal":"leftEdge"}]}},"layout":{"columns":{"signal":"alphabetKeyColumns"},"padding":{"row":5,"column":15},"align":"each"},"marks":[{"type":"group","from":{"facet":{"data":"alphabetKeyData","name":"alphaKeyFacet","groupby":["display"]}},"marks":[{"type":"group","marks":[{"type":"text","from":{"data":"alphaKeyFacet"},"encode":{"enter":{"font":{"signal":"fontFamily"},"fontSize":{"value":16}},"update":{"limit":{"signal":"chartWidth - (item.mark.items.length * 20)"},"align":{"signal":"RTL ? \"right\" : \"left\""},"dir":{"signal":"RTL ? \"right\" : \"left\""},"text":{"field":"display"}}}}]}]}]}]},{"type":"group","encode":{"update":{"height":{"signal":"canUseAlphaIDKeys && alphaIDKeys ? 16 : 0"}}}},{"type":"group","name":"customLegend_customLegend","interactive":false,"encode":{},"marks":[{"type":"group","name":"legendHorizontalPositioner","encode":{"update":{"x":[{"test":"RTL && item.items.length","signal":"leftEdge + chartWidth - customLegendX2"},{"signal":"leftEdge"}]}},"layout":{"columns":{"signal":"customLegendColumns"},"padding":{"row":5,"column":15},"align":"each"},"marks":[{"type":"group","from":{"facet":{"data":"legendData","name":"legendFacet","groupby":["lineName"]}},"layout":{"columns":2,"padding":{"row":0,"column":5},"align":"each"},"marks":[{"type":"group","marks":[{"type":"rect","from":{"data":"legendFacet"},"encode":{"update":{"x":{"value":-5},"y":{"value":-6},"width":{"value":20},"height":{"value":2},"fill":{"signal":"datum.colour"}}}},{"type":"group","marks":[{"type":"path","from":{"data":"legendFacet"},"encode":{"update":{"path":{"signal":"datum.svgPath"},"strokeWidth":{"value":2},"stroke":{"signal":"datum.colour"},"fill":{"signal":"datum.filled ? datum.colour : \"#FFFFFF\""}}}}]}]},{"type":"group","marks":[{"type":"text","from":{"data":"legendFacet"},"encode":{"enter":{"font":{"signal":"fontFamily"},"fontSize":{"value":16}},"update":{"limit":{"signal":"chartWidth - (item.mark.items.length * 20)"},"align":{"signal":"RTL ? \"right\" : \"left\""},"dir":{"signal":"RTL ? \"right\" : \"left\""},"text":{"field":"lineName"}}}}]}]}]}]},{"type":"group","encode":{"update":{"height":{"value":16}}}},{"type":"group","name":"chart","encode":{"update":{"width":{"signal":"width"},"height":{"signal":"chartHeight"}}},"scales":[{"name":"xScale","type":"linear","domain":{"data":"idtData","field":{"signal":"canUseAlphaIDKeys && alphaIDKeys ? \"alphaIDX\" : \"x\""}},"range":[0,{"signal":"chartPlotWidth || chartWidth"}],"zero":false,"nice":true,"round":false},{"name":"yScale","type":"linear","domain":{"data":"idtData","field":"y"},"range":[0,{"signal":"chartHeight"}],"reverse":true,"zero":true,"nice":true,"round":false},{"name":"ColourScale","type":"ordinal","domain":{"data":"idtData","field":"lineName"},"range":["#1380A1","#4D2C7A","#990000","#588300","#AD08F9","#FAAB18","#06BF8E","#1380A1","#4D2C7A","#990000","#588300","#AD08F9","#FAAB18"]},{"name":"marksShapeScale","type":"ordinal","domain":{"data":"idtData","field":"lineName"},"range":["circle"]},{"name":"marksFillScale","type":"ordinal","domain":{"data":"idtData","field":"lineName"},"range":["#1380A1"]}],"axes":[{"orient":"bottom","scale":"xScale","titlePadding":10,"domain":false,"grid":false,"labels":true,"labelPadding":15,"labelOverlap":"parity","labelAngle":{"signal":"angleLabels ? -60 : 0"},"encode":{"axis":{"name":"axisBottom"},"grid":{"update":{"y":{"value":0},"y2":{"signal":"-chartHeight"}}},"labels":{"update":{"align":{"signal":"(angleLabels) ? \"right\" : \"center\""},"text":{"signal":"indexof(hiddenBottomAxisLabelIndexes, datum.index) < 0 ? datum.label : \"\""}}}}},{"orient":"left","scale":"yScale","titleAngle":0,"titleBaseline":"bottom","titleY":-14,"titleX":{"signal":"leftAxisTitleLongerThanLabels ? leftEdge : 0","offset":{"signal":"leftAxisTitleLongerThanLabels ? 2 : 0"}},"titleAlign":{"signal":"leftAxisTitleLongerThanLabels ? \"left\" : \"right\""},"domain":true,"grid":false,"labels":true,"labelOverlap":"parity","zero":false,"encode":{"axis":{"name":"axisLeft"},"grid":{"update":{"x":0,"x2":{"signal":"chartPlotWidth || chartWidth"}}}}}],"marks":[{"type":"group","zindex":10,"from":{"facet":{"name":"line","data":"idtData","groupby":"lineName"}},"marks":[{"type":"trail","from":{"data":"line"},"encode":{"enter":{"x":{"scale":"xScale","field":{"signal":"canUseAlphaIDKeys && alphaIDKeys ? \"alphaIDX\" : \"x\""}},"y":{"scale":"yScale","field":"y"},"stroke":{"scale":"ColourScale","field":"lineName"},"interpolate":{"value":"linear"},"defined":{"signal":"datum.y !== null"}}}},{"type":"symbol","from":{"data":"line"},"encode":{"enter":{"stroke":{"scale":"ColourScale","field":"lineName"},"strokeWidth":{"value":2},"shape":{"scale":"marksShapeScale","field":"lineName"},"fill":{"scale":"marksFillScale","field":"lineName"},"x":{"scale":"xScale","field":{"signal":"canUseAlphaIDKeys && alphaIDKeys ? \"alphaIDX\" : \"x\""}},"y":[{"test":"datum.y !== null","scale":"yScale","field":"y"},{"value":0}],"opacity":{"signal":"datum.y !== null"},"size":{"value":100}}}}]},{"type":"rect","name":"zeroLineBottom","interactive":false,"zindex":3,"clip":false,"encode":{"update":{"x":{"value":0},"y":{"scale":"yScale","value":0},"width":{"signal":"chartPlotWidth || chartWidth"},"height":{"value":2},"fill":{"value":"#000"}}}},{"type":"rect","name":"zeroLineLeft","interactive":false,"zindex":3,"clip":true,"encode":{"update":{"x":{"scale":"xScale","value":0},"y":{"value":0},"width":{"value":2},"height":{"signal":"chartHeight"},"fill":{"value":"#000"}}}}]}]},"graphicData":{"editorial":{"title":"津巴布韋經濟產出","subtitle":"美元","footnote":"2013年以後數據為IMF估算","source":"來源:IMF,世界經濟展望","sourceLink":"","showBBCLogo":true,"longDescription":""},"service":"chinese","data":[["年份","人均GDP\r"],["2009","790.352\r"],["2010","975.851\r"],["2011","\"1,131.84\r\"\r"],["2012","\"1,310.37\r\"\r"],["2013","\"1,421.55\r\"\r"],["2014","\"1,415.03\r\"\r"],["2015","\"1,412.32\r\"\r"],["2016","\"1,382.89\r\"\r"],["2017","\"1,471.41\r\"\r"],["2018","\"1,711.82\r\"\r"],["2019","\"1,423.49\r\"\r"]],"firstColIsYears":false,"type":"LineChart","axes":{"bottom":{"position":"Bottom","gridLines":false,"showLabels":true,"autoSkipLabels":true,"autoTruncateLabels":false,"valueLabels":false,"customStep":0},"left":{"position":"Left","gridLines":false,"showLabels":true,"autoSkipLabels":true,"autoTruncateLabels":false,"valueLabels":false,"customStep":0}},"colourScheme":{"palette":"News","colours":{"rangedValues":[{"name":"Blue","hex":"#1380A1","baseColour":true,"tints":[{"name":"Blue Shade 4 ","hex":"#0B4D60","baseColour":false},{"name":"Blue","hex":"#1380A1","baseColour":true},{"name":"Blue Shade 3 ","hex":"#4BA7BC","baseColour":false},{"name":"Blue Shade 2 ","hex":"#A1CCD9","baseColour":false},{"name":"Blue Shade 1 ","hex":"#CFE1E5","baseColour":false}]},{"name":"Purple","hex":"#4D2C7A","baseColour":true,"tints":[{"name":"Purple","hex":"#4D2C7A","baseColour":true},{"name":"Purple Shade 4 ","hex":"#6D4CBF","baseColour":false},{"name":"Purple Shade 3 ","hex":"#9B80CE","baseColour":false},{"name":"Purple Shade 2 ","hex":"#C1B0E2","baseColour":false},{"name":"Purple Shade 1 ","hex":"#E1D6F2","baseColour":false}]},{"name":"Red","hex":"#990000","baseColour":true,"tints":[{"name":"Red Shade 4 ","hex":"#5B0101","baseColour":false},{"name":"Red","hex":"#990000","baseColour":true},{"name":"Red Shade 3 ","hex":"#D46666","baseColour":false},{"name":"Red Shade 2 ","hex":"#E69E9E","baseColour":false},{"name":"Red Shade 1 ","hex":"#EFDADA","baseColour":false}]},{"name":"Olive Green","hex":"#588300","baseColour":true,"tints":[{"name":"Olive Green Shade 4 ","hex":"#344F00","baseColour":false},{"name":"Olive Green","hex":"#588300","baseColour":true},{"name":"Olive Green Shade 3 ","hex":"#99BC66","baseColour":false},{"name":"Olive Green Shade 2 ","hex":"#C4D699","baseColour":false},{"name":"Olive Green Shade 1 ","hex":"#EDEFC7","baseColour":false}]},{"name":"Pink","hex":"#AD08F9","baseColour":true,"tints":[{"name":"Red Shade 4 ","hex":"#600B80","baseColour":false},{"name":"Red","hex":"#AD08F9","baseColour":true},{"name":"Red Shade 3 ","hex":"#D976FF","baseColour":false},{"name":"Red Shade 2 ","hex":"#F0B3FF","baseColour":false},{"name":"Red Shade 1 ","hex":"#ECD9F4","baseColour":false}]},{"name":"Orange","hex":"#FAAB18","baseColour":true},{"name":"Mint Green","hex":"#06BF8E","baseColour":true},{"name":"Blue","hex":"#1380A1","baseColour":true,"tints":[{"name":"Blue Shade 4 ","hex":"#0B4D60","baseColour":false},{"name":"Blue","hex":"#1380A1","baseColour":true},{"name":"Blue Shade 3 ","hex":"#4BA7BC","baseColour":false},{"name":"Blue Shade 2 ","hex":"#A1CCD9","baseColour":false},{"name":"Blue Shade 1 ","hex":"#CFE1E5","baseColour":false}]},{"name":"Purple","hex":"#4D2C7A","baseColour":true,"tints":[{"name":"Purple","hex":"#4D2C7A","baseColour":true},{"name":"Purple Shade 4 ","hex":"#6D4CBF","baseColour":false},{"name":"Purple Shade 3 ","hex":"#9B80CE","baseColour":false},{"name":"Purple Shade 2 ","hex":"#C1B0E2","baseColour":false},{"name":"Purple Shade 1 ","hex":"#E1D6F2","baseColour":false}]},{"name":"Red","hex":"#990000","baseColour":true,"tints":[{"name":"Red Shade 4 ","hex":"#5B0101","baseColour":false},{"name":"Red","hex":"#990000","baseColour":true},{"name":"Red Shade 3 ","hex":"#D46666","baseColour":false},{"name":"Red Shade 2 ","hex":"#E69E9E","baseColour":false},{"name":"Red Shade 1 ","hex":"#EFDADA","baseColour":false}]},{"name":"Olive Green","hex":"#588300","baseColour":true,"tints":[{"name":"Olive Green Shade 4 ","hex":"#344F00","baseColour":false},{"name":"Olive Green","hex":"#588300","baseColour":true},{"name":"Olive Green Shade 3 ","hex":"#99BC66","baseColour":false},{"name":"Olive Green Shade 2 ","hex":"#C4D699","baseColour":false},{"name":"Olive Green Shade 1 ","hex":"#EDEFC7","baseColour":false}]},{"name":"Pink","hex":"#AD08F9","baseColour":true,"tints":[{"name":"Red Shade 4 ","hex":"#600B80","baseColour":false},{"name":"Red","hex":"#AD08F9","baseColour":true},{"name":"Red Shade 3 ","hex":"#D976FF","baseColour":false},{"name":"Red Shade 2 ","hex":"#F0B3FF","baseColour":false},{"name":"Red Shade 1 ","hex":"#ECD9F4","baseColour":false}]},{"name":"Orange","hex":"#FAAB18","baseColour":true}],"type":"MultiColourLines"}},"bumpChart":false,"useAlphabetKey":true,"marks":{"position":"EveryPoint","shapes":[{"name":"circle","svgPath":"M 0 -5 A 5 5 0 1 1 10 -5 A 5 5 0 1 1 0 -5","vegaSymbolName":"circle","filled":true},{"name":"square","svgPath":"M0 -10 l10 0 l0 10 l-10 0 l0 -10 Z","vegaSymbolName":"square","filled":true},{"name":"circle_outline","svgPath":"M 0 -5 A 5 5 0 1 1 10 -5 A 5 5 0 1 1 0 -5","vegaSymbolName":"circle","filled":false},{"name":"square_outline","svgPath":"M0 -10 l10 0 l0 10 l-10 0 l0 -10 Z","vegaSymbolName":"square","filled":false},{"name":"diamond","svgPath":"M0 -5 L5 -10 L10 -5 L5 0 Z","vegaSymbolName":"diamond","filled":true},{"name":"diamond_outline","svgPath":"M0 -5 L5 -10 L10 -5 L5 0 Z","vegaSymbolName":"diamond","filled":false}]}},"serviceDefinition":{"name":"chinese","domain":"","section":"","siteName":"BBC Chinese","locale":{"languageCode":"zh-Hans","textDirection":"ltr","shortDate":"Y/M/D","shortTime":"ah:mm","decimalSeparator":".","thousandsSeparator":",","grouping":[3],"currency":"{symbol}{number}","percent":"{number}{symbol}","numerals":["0","1","2","3","4","5","6","7","8","9"]},"openGraph":{"article-author":"","twitter-site":"","twitter-creator":"","twitter-domain":""},"globalTheme":{"fontFamily":"Helvetica, Arial, 'STHeiti', '华文黑体', 'Microsoft YaHei', '微软雅黑', 'SimSun', '宋体'"}}});

津巴布韋人或許會感覺就業機會、工資受擠壓。但是,2019年的經濟預期僅是約略低於2017年—穆加貝執政的最後一年。所以,儘管津巴布韋人可能感受到了近期經濟收縮的衝擊波,從數據來看,現在的狀況應該很難說比前政府執政期間有明顯惡化。

/* sc-component-id: components__EditorialFooterDiv-s4q8aoa-0 */.kKlRIM.kKlRIM{max-width:100%;width:100%;font-size:16px;box-sizing:border-box;word-break:break-word;display:-webkit-box;display:-webkit-flex;display:-ms-flexbox;display:flex;-webkit-align-items:flex-end;-webkit-box-align:flex-end;-ms-flex-align:flex-end;align-items:flex-end;} .kKlRIM.kKlRIM:last-of-type{border-top:1px solid;margin-top:2px;} .kKlRIM.kKlRIM:last-of-type{padding-top:4px;}/* sc-component-id: components__EditorialFooterSource-s4q8aoa-2 */.eaehaZ.eaehaZ{max-width:100%;width:100%;box-sizing:border-box;word-break:break-word;display:-webkit-box;display:-webkit-flex;display:-ms-flexbox;display:flex;-webkit-box-pack:justify;-webkit-justify-content:space-between;-ms-flex-pack:justify;justify-content:space-between;}/* sc-component-id: components__EditorialFooterBBCLogo-s4q8aoa-3 */.fFKUty.fFKUty{margin:4px 0;box-sizing:border-box;height:15px;width:45px;opacity:0.6;margin-left:4px;-webkit-flex:0 0 auto;-ms-flex:0 0 auto;flex:0 0 auto;}/* sc-component-id: components__EditorialTitle-s4q8aoa-4 */.bCwWpe.bCwWpe{font-size:24px;font-weight:bold;line-height:29px;word-break:break-word;padding:0;margin:0;}/* sc-component-id: VegaGraph__VegaContainer-s1vljnmg-0 */.fMcNIw.fMcNIw{padding:16px 0;}/* sc-component-id: VegaGraphic__GraphicContainer-hdlj7c-0 */.iiWFxl.iiWFxl{width:100%;background-color:#fff;font-family:Helvetica,Arial,'STHeiti','华文黑体','Microsoft YaHei','微软雅黑','SimSun','宋体';box-sizing:border-box;} html, body{ margin: 0; padding: 0; } @font-face { font-family: 'ReithSans'; font-display: swap; src: url(/static/media/BBCReithSans_W_Rg.woff2) format("woff2"), url(/static/media/BBCReithSans_W_Rg.woff) format("woff"); } @font-face { font-family: 'ReithSans'; font-display: swap; src: url(/static/media/BBCReithSans_W_Md.woff2) format("woff2"), url(/static/media/BBCReithSans_W_Md.woff) format("woff"); font-weight: bold; } @font-face { font-family: 'BBCNassim'; font-display: swap; src: url(/static/media/BBCNassimRegularFADesktop.ttf) format("truetype"); } @font-face { font-family: 'BBCNassim'; font-display: swap; src: url(/static/media/BBCNassimBoldFADesktop.ttf) format("truetype"); font-weight: bold; } @font-face { font-family: 'Iskoola_pota_bbc'; font-display: swap; src: url(/static/media/iskpotaRegular.ttf) format("truetype"); } @font-face { font-family: 'Iskoola_pota_bbc'; font-display: swap; src: url(/static/media/iskpotaBold.ttf) format("truetype"); font-weight: bold; } @font-face { font-family: 'Latha'; font-display: swap; src: url(/static/media/lathaRegular.ttf) format("truetype"); } @font-face { font-family: 'Latha'; font-display: swap; src: url(/static/media/lathaBold.ttf) format("truetype"); font-weight: bold; } @font-face { font-family: 'Mangal'; font-display: swap; src: url(/static/media/mangalRegular.ttf) format("truetype"); } @font-face { font-family: 'Mangal'; font-display: swap; src: url(/static/media/mangalBold.ttf) format("truetype"); font-weight: bold; } @font-face { font-family: 'Noto Sans CJK KR'; font-display: swap; src: url(/static/media/NotoSansCJKkr-Regular.otf) format("opentype"); } @font-face { font-family: 'Noto Sans CJK KR'; font-display: swap; src: url(/static/media/NotoSansCJKkr-Bold.otf) format("opentype"); font-weight: bold; } @font-face { font-family: 'Noto Sans Gurmukhi'; font-display: swap; src: url(/static/media/NotoSansGurmukhi-Regular.ttf) format("truetype"); } @font-face { font-family: 'Noto Sans Gurmukhi'; font-display: swap; src: url(/static/media/NotoSansGurmukhi-Bold.ttf) format("truetype"); font-weight: bold; } @font-face { font-family: 'Padauk'; font-display: swap; src: url(/static/media/PadaukRegular.ttf) format("truetype"); } @font-face { font-family: 'Padauk'; font-display: swap; src: url(/static/media/PadaukBold.ttf) format("truetype"); font-weight: bold; } @font-face { font-family: 'Shonar_bangala'; font-display: swap; src: url(/static/media/ShonarRegular.ttf) format("truetype"); } @font-face { font-family: 'Shonar_bangala'; font-display: swap; src: url(/static/media/ShonarBold.ttf) format("truetype"); font-weight: bold; } @font-face { font-family: 'NotoSansEthiopic'; font-display: swap; src: url(/static/media/NotoSansEthiopic-Regular.ttf) format("truetype"); } @font-face { font-family: 'NotoSansEthiopic'; font-display: swap; src: url(/static/media/NotoSansEthiopic-Bold.ttf) format("truetype"); font-weight: bold; }
津巴布韋物價上漲趨勢
消費物價指數
來源:津巴布韋儲備銀行
IDT.init({"graphicUUID":"535e4742-2023-4979-b9f0-a59fa7a50f21","spec":{"$schema":"https://vega.github.io/schema/vega/v4.0.0.json","padding":0,"autosize":{"type":"fit","resize":false,"contains":"padding"},"config":{"axis":{"domainColor":"#CCCCCC","tickColor":"#CCCCCC","gridColor":"#CCCCCC","ticks":false,"labelFontSize":16,"labelPadding":10,"labelFont":{"signal":"fontFamily"},"labelLimit":1000,"titleFont":{"signal":"fontFamily"},"titleFontSize":13,"titleFontWeight":"normal","titleLimit":{"signal":"chartWidth"}},"legend":{"labelLimit":1000}},"signals":[{"name":"angleLabels","value":false},{"name":"alphaIDKeys","value":false},{"name":"leftEdge","value":0},{"name":"customLegendColumns","value":1},{"name":"alphabetKeyColumns","value":1},{"name":"customLegendX2","value":null},{"name":"alphabetKeyX2","value":null},{"name":"RTL","value":false},{"name":"chartHeight","value":300},{"name":"chartWidth","value":300},{"name":"hiddenBottomAxisLabelIndexes","value":[]},{"name":"chartPlotWidth","value":null},{"name":"leftAxisTitleLongerThanLabels","value":true},{"name":"canUseAlphaIDKeys","value":true},{"name":"fontFamily","value":"Helvetica, Arial, 'STHeiti', '华文黑体', 'Microsoft YaHei', '微软雅黑', 'SimSun', '宋体'"},{"name":"lineExtents","value":{"年度通脹率":{"minVal":"Jan-18","maxVal":"Jun-19"}}}],"data":[{"name":"idtData","values":[{"x":"Jan-18","localisedX":"Jan-18","alphaIDX":"A","keyedX":"A - Jan-18","y":3.5,"lineName":"年度通脹率"},{"x":"Feb-18","localisedX":"Feb-18","alphaIDX":"B","keyedX":"B - Feb-18","y":3,"lineName":"年度通脹率"},{"x":"Mar-18","localisedX":"Mar-18","alphaIDX":"C","keyedX":"C - Mar-18","y":2.7,"lineName":"年度通脹率"},{"x":"Apr-18","localisedX":"Apr-18","alphaIDX":"D","keyedX":"D - Apr-18","y":2.7,"lineName":"年度通脹率"},{"x":"May-18","localisedX":"May-18","alphaIDX":"E","keyedX":"E - May-18","y":2.7,"lineName":"年度通脹率"},{"x":"Jun-18","localisedX":"Jun-18","alphaIDX":"F","keyedX":"F - Jun-18","y":2.9,"lineName":"年度通脹率"},{"x":"Jul-18","localisedX":"Jul-18","alphaIDX":"G","keyedX":"G - Jul-18","y":4.3,"lineName":"年度通脹率"},{"x":"Aug-18","localisedX":"Aug-18","alphaIDX":"H","keyedX":"H - Aug-18","y":4.8,"lineName":"年度通脹率"},{"x":"Sep-18","localisedX":"Sep-18","alphaIDX":"I","keyedX":"I - Sep-18","y":5.4,"lineName":"年度通脹率"},{"x":"Oct-18","localisedX":"Oct-18","alphaIDX":"J","keyedX":"J - Oct-18","y":20.9,"lineName":"年度通脹率"},{"x":"Nov-18","localisedX":"Nov-18","alphaIDX":"K","keyedX":"K - Nov-18","y":31,"lineName":"年度通脹率"},{"x":"Dec-18","localisedX":"Dec-18","alphaIDX":"L","keyedX":"L - Dec-18","y":42.1,"lineName":"年度通脹率"},{"x":"Jan-19","localisedX":"Jan-19","alphaIDX":"M","keyedX":"M - Jan-19","y":56.9,"lineName":"年度通脹率"},{"x":"Feb-19","localisedX":"Feb-19","alphaIDX":"N","keyedX":"N - Feb-19","y":59.4,"lineName":"年度通脹率"},{"x":"Mar-19","localisedX":"Mar-19","alphaIDX":"O","keyedX":"O - Mar-19","y":66.8,"lineName":"年度通脹率"},{"x":"Apr-19","localisedX":"Apr-19","alphaIDX":"P","keyedX":"P - Apr-19","y":75.9,"lineName":"年度通脹率"},{"x":"May-19","localisedX":"May-19","alphaIDX":"Q","keyedX":"Q - May-19","y":97.9,"lineName":"年度通脹率"},{"x":"Jun-19","localisedX":"Jun-19","alphaIDX":"R","keyedX":"R - Jun-19","y":175.7,"lineName":"年度通脹率"}],"format":{"parse":{"x":"string"}}},{"name":"legendData","values":[{"lineName":"年度通脹率","colour":"#1380A1","svgPath":"M 0 -5 A 5 5 0 1 1 10 -5 A 5 5 0 1 1 0 -5","filled":true}]},{"name":"alphabetKeyData","values":[{"display":"A - Jan-18"},{"display":"B - Feb-18"},{"display":"C - Mar-18"},{"display":"D - Apr-18"},{"display":"E - May-18"},{"display":"F - Jun-18"},{"display":"G - Jul-18"},{"display":"H - Aug-18"},{"display":"I - Sep-18"},{"display":"J - Oct-18"},{"display":"K - Nov-18"},{"display":"L - Dec-18"},{"display":"M - Jan-19"},{"display":"N - Feb-19"},{"display":"O - Mar-19"},{"display":"P - Apr-19"},{"display":"Q - May-19"},{"display":"R - Jun-19"}]}],"layout":{"columns":1,"padding":{"row":0,"column":0}},"marks":[{"type":"group","name":"customLegend_alphabetKey","interactive":false,"encode":{"update":{"width":{"signal":"canUseAlphaIDKeys && alphaIDKeys ? null : 0"},"height":{"signal":"canUseAlphaIDKeys && alphaIDKeys ? null : 0"},"clip":{"signal":"canUseAlphaIDKeys && alphaIDKeys ? false : true"}}},"marks":[{"type":"group","name":"legendHorizontalPositioner","encode":{"update":{"x":[{"test":"RTL && item.items.length","signal":"leftEdge + chartWidth - alphabetKeyX2"},{"signal":"leftEdge"}]}},"layout":{"columns":{"signal":"alphabetKeyColumns"},"padding":{"row":5,"column":15},"align":"each"},"marks":[{"type":"group","from":{"facet":{"data":"alphabetKeyData","name":"alphaKeyFacet","groupby":["display"]}},"marks":[{"type":"group","marks":[{"type":"text","from":{"data":"alphaKeyFacet"},"encode":{"enter":{"font":{"signal":"fontFamily"},"fontSize":{"value":16}},"update":{"limit":{"signal":"chartWidth - (item.mark.items.length * 20)"},"align":{"signal":"RTL ? \"right\" : \"left\""},"dir":{"signal":"RTL ? \"right\" : \"left\""},"text":{"field":"display"}}}}]}]}]}]},{"type":"group","encode":{"update":{"height":{"signal":"canUseAlphaIDKeys && alphaIDKeys ? 16 : 0"}}}},{"type":"group","name":"customLegend_customLegend","interactive":false,"encode":{},"marks":[{"type":"group","name":"legendHorizontalPositioner","encode":{"update":{"x":[{"test":"RTL && item.items.length","signal":"leftEdge + chartWidth - customLegendX2"},{"signal":"leftEdge"}]}},"layout":{"columns":{"signal":"customLegendColumns"},"padding":{"row":5,"column":15},"align":"each"},"marks":[{"type":"group","from":{"facet":{"data":"legendData","name":"legendFacet","groupby":["lineName"]}},"layout":{"columns":2,"padding":{"row":0,"column":5},"align":"each"},"marks":[{"type":"group","marks":[{"type":"rect","from":{"data":"legendFacet"},"encode":{"update":{"x":{"value":-5},"y":{"value":-6},"width":{"value":20},"height":{"value":2},"fill":{"signal":"datum.colour"}}}},{"type":"group","marks":[{"type":"path","from":{"data":"legendFacet"},"encode":{"update":{"path":{"signal":"datum.svgPath"},"strokeWidth":{"value":2},"stroke":{"signal":"datum.colour"},"fill":{"signal":"datum.filled ? datum.colour : \"#FFFFFF\""}}}}]}]},{"type":"group","marks":[{"type":"text","from":{"data":"legendFacet"},"encode":{"enter":{"font":{"signal":"fontFamily"},"fontSize":{"value":16}},"update":{"limit":{"signal":"chartWidth - (item.mark.items.length * 20)"},"align":{"signal":"RTL ? \"right\" : \"left\""},"dir":{"signal":"RTL ? \"right\" : \"left\""},"text":{"field":"lineName"}}}}]}]}]}]},{"type":"group","encode":{"update":{"height":{"value":16}}}},{"type":"group","name":"chart","encode":{"update":{"width":{"signal":"width"},"height":{"signal":"chartHeight"}}},"scales":[{"name":"xScale","type":"point","domain":{"data":"idtData","field":{"signal":"canUseAlphaIDKeys && alphaIDKeys ? \"alphaIDX\" : \"x\""}},"range":[0,{"signal":"chartPlotWidth || chartWidth"}],"zero":false,"nice":false,"round":false},{"name":"yScale","type":"linear","domain":{"data":"idtData","field":"y"},"range":[0,{"signal":"chartHeight"}],"reverse":true,"zero":true,"nice":true,"round":false},{"name":"ColourScale","type":"ordinal","domain":{"data":"idtData","field":"lineName"},"range":["#1380A1","#4D2C7A","#990000","#588300","#AD08F9","#FAAB18","#06BF8E","#1380A1","#4D2C7A","#990000","#588300","#AD08F9","#FAAB18"]},{"name":"marksShapeScale","type":"ordinal","domain":{"data":"idtData","field":"lineName"},"range":["circle"]},{"name":"marksFillScale","type":"ordinal","domain":{"data":"idtData","field":"lineName"},"range":["#1380A1"]}],"axes":[{"orient":"bottom","scale":"xScale","titlePadding":10,"domain":false,"grid":false,"labels":true,"labelPadding":15,"labelOverlap":"parity","labelAngle":{"signal":"angleLabels ? -60 : 0"},"encode":{"axis":{"name":"axisBottom"},"grid":{"update":{"y":{"value":0},"y2":{"signal":"-chartHeight"}}},"labels":{"update":{"align":{"signal":"(angleLabels) ? \"right\" : \"center\""},"text":{"signal":"indexof(hiddenBottomAxisLabelIndexes, datum.index) < 0 ? datum.label : \"\""}}}}},{"orient":"left","scale":"yScale","titleAngle":0,"titleBaseline":"bottom","titleY":-14,"titleX":{"signal":"leftAxisTitleLongerThanLabels ? leftEdge : 0","offset":{"signal":"leftAxisTitleLongerThanLabels ? 2 : 0"}},"titleAlign":{"signal":"leftAxisTitleLongerThanLabels ? \"left\" : \"right\""},"domain":true,"grid":false,"labels":true,"labelOverlap":"parity","zero":false,"encode":{"axis":{"name":"axisLeft"},"grid":{"update":{"x":0,"x2":{"signal":"chartPlotWidth || chartWidth"}}}}}],"marks":[{"type":"group","zindex":10,"from":{"facet":{"name":"line","data":"idtData","groupby":"lineName"}},"marks":[{"type":"trail","from":{"data":"line"},"encode":{"enter":{"x":{"scale":"xScale","field":{"signal":"canUseAlphaIDKeys && alphaIDKeys ? \"alphaIDX\" : \"x\""}},"y":{"scale":"yScale","field":"y"},"stroke":{"scale":"ColourScale","field":"lineName"},"interpolate":{"value":"linear"},"defined":{"signal":"datum.y !== null"}}}},{"type":"symbol","from":{"data":"line"},"encode":{"enter":{"stroke":{"scale":"ColourScale","field":"lineName"},"strokeWidth":{"value":2},"shape":{"scale":"marksShapeScale","field":"lineName"},"fill":{"scale":"marksFillScale","field":"lineName"},"x":{"scale":"xScale","field":{"signal":"canUseAlphaIDKeys && alphaIDKeys ? \"alphaIDX\" : \"x\""}},"y":[{"test":"datum.y !== null","scale":"yScale","field":"y"},{"value":0}],"opacity":{"signal":"datum.y !== null"},"size":{"value":100}}}}]},{"type":"rect","name":"zeroLineBottom","interactive":false,"zindex":3,"clip":false,"encode":{"update":{"x":{"value":0},"y":{"scale":"yScale","value":0},"width":{"signal":"chartPlotWidth || chartWidth"},"height":{"value":2},"fill":{"value":"#000"}}}}]}]},"graphicData":{"editorial":{"title":"津巴布韋物價上漲趨勢","subtitle":"","footnote":"消費物價指數","source":"來源:津巴布韋儲備銀行","sourceLink":"","showBBCLogo":true,"longDescription":""},"service":"chinese","data":[["月份","年度通脹率\r"],["Jan-18","3.5\r"],["Feb-18","3\r"],["Mar-18","2.7\r"],["Apr-18","2.7\r"],["May-18","2.7\r"],["Jun-18","2.9\r"],["Jul-18","4.3\r"],["Aug-18","4.8\r"],["Sep-18","5.4\r"],["Oct-18","20.9\r"],["Nov-18","31\r"],["Dec-18","42.1\r"],["Jan-19","56.9\r"],["Feb-19","59.4\r"],["Mar-19","66.8\r"],["Apr-19","75.9\r"],["May-19","97.9\r"],["Jun-19","175.7\r"]],"firstColIsYears":false,"type":"LineChart","axes":{"bottom":{"position":"Bottom","gridLines":false,"showLabels":true,"autoSkipLabels":true,"autoTruncateLabels":false,"valueLabels":false,"customStep":0},"left":{"position":"Left","gridLines":false,"showLabels":true,"autoSkipLabels":true,"autoTruncateLabels":false,"valueLabels":false,"customStep":0}},"colourScheme":{"palette":"News","colours":{"rangedValues":[{"name":"Blue","hex":"#1380A1","baseColour":true,"tints":[{"name":"Blue Shade 4 ","hex":"#0B4D60","baseColour":false},{"name":"Blue","hex":"#1380A1","baseColour":true},{"name":"Blue Shade 3 ","hex":"#4BA7BC","baseColour":false},{"name":"Blue Shade 2 ","hex":"#A1CCD9","baseColour":false},{"name":"Blue Shade 1 ","hex":"#CFE1E5","baseColour":false}]},{"name":"Purple","hex":"#4D2C7A","baseColour":true,"tints":[{"name":"Purple","hex":"#4D2C7A","baseColour":true},{"name":"Purple Shade 4 ","hex":"#6D4CBF","baseColour":false},{"name":"Purple Shade 3 ","hex":"#9B80CE","baseColour":false},{"name":"Purple Shade 2 ","hex":"#C1B0E2","baseColour":false},{"name":"Purple Shade 1 ","hex":"#E1D6F2","baseColour":false}]},{"name":"Red","hex":"#990000","baseColour":true,"tints":[{"name":"Red Shade 4 ","hex":"#5B0101","baseColour":false},{"name":"Red","hex":"#990000","baseColour":true},{"name":"Red Shade 3 ","hex":"#D46666","baseColour":false},{"name":"Red Shade 2 ","hex":"#E69E9E","baseColour":false},{"name":"Red Shade 1 ","hex":"#EFDADA","baseColour":false}]},{"name":"Olive Green","hex":"#588300","baseColour":true,"tints":[{"name":"Olive Green Shade 4 ","hex":"#344F00","baseColour":false},{"name":"Olive Green","hex":"#588300","baseColour":true},{"name":"Olive Green Shade 3 ","hex":"#99BC66","baseColour":false},{"name":"Olive Green Shade 2 ","hex":"#C4D699","baseColour":false},{"name":"Olive Green Shade 1 ","hex":"#EDEFC7","baseColour":false}]},{"name":"Pink","hex":"#AD08F9","baseColour":true,"tints":[{"name":"Red Shade 4 ","hex":"#600B80","baseColour":false},{"name":"Red","hex":"#AD08F9","baseColour":true},{"name":"Red Shade 3 ","hex":"#D976FF","baseColour":false},{"name":"Red Shade 2 ","hex":"#F0B3FF","baseColour":false},{"name":"Red Shade 1 ","hex":"#ECD9F4","baseColour":false}]},{"name":"Orange","hex":"#FAAB18","baseColour":true},{"name":"Mint Green","hex":"#06BF8E","baseColour":true},{"name":"Blue","hex":"#1380A1","baseColour":true,"tints":[{"name":"Blue Shade 4 ","hex":"#0B4D60","baseColour":false},{"name":"Blue","hex":"#1380A1","baseColour":true},{"name":"Blue Shade 3 ","hex":"#4BA7BC","baseColour":false},{"name":"Blue Shade 2 ","hex":"#A1CCD9","baseColour":false},{"name":"Blue Shade 1 ","hex":"#CFE1E5","baseColour":false}]},{"name":"Purple","hex":"#4D2C7A","baseColour":true,"tints":[{"name":"Purple","hex":"#4D2C7A","baseColour":true},{"name":"Purple Shade 4 ","hex":"#6D4CBF","baseColour":false},{"name":"Purple Shade 3 ","hex":"#9B80CE","baseColour":false},{"name":"Purple Shade 2 ","hex":"#C1B0E2","baseColour":false},{"name":"Purple Shade 1 ","hex":"#E1D6F2","baseColour":false}]},{"name":"Red","hex":"#990000","baseColour":true,"tints":[{"name":"Red Shade 4 ","hex":"#5B0101","baseColour":false},{"name":"Red","hex":"#990000","baseColour":true},{"name":"Red Shade 3 ","hex":"#D46666","baseColour":false},{"name":"Red Shade 2 ","hex":"#E69E9E","baseColour":false},{"name":"Red Shade 1 ","hex":"#EFDADA","baseColour":false}]},{"name":"Olive Green","hex":"#588300","baseColour":true,"tints":[{"name":"Olive Green Shade 4 ","hex":"#344F00","baseColour":false},{"name":"Olive Green","hex":"#588300","baseColour":true},{"name":"Olive Green Shade 3 ","hex":"#99BC66","baseColour":false},{"name":"Olive Green Shade 2 ","hex":"#C4D699","baseColour":false},{"name":"Olive Green Shade 1 ","hex":"#EDEFC7","baseColour":false}]},{"name":"Pink","hex":"#AD08F9","baseColour":true,"tints":[{"name":"Red Shade 4 ","hex":"#600B80","baseColour":false},{"name":"Red","hex":"#AD08F9","baseColour":true},{"name":"Red Shade 3 ","hex":"#D976FF","baseColour":false},{"name":"Red Shade 2 ","hex":"#F0B3FF","baseColour":false},{"name":"Red Shade 1 ","hex":"#ECD9F4","baseColour":false}]},{"name":"Orange","hex":"#FAAB18","baseColour":true}],"type":"MultiColourLines"}},"bumpChart":false,"useAlphabetKey":true,"marks":{"position":"EveryPoint","shapes":[{"name":"circle","svgPath":"M 0 -5 A 5 5 0 1 1 10 -5 A 5 5 0 1 1 0 -5","vegaSymbolName":"circle","filled":true},{"name":"square","svgPath":"M0 -10 l10 0 l0 10 l-10 0 l0 -10 Z","vegaSymbolName":"square","filled":true},{"name":"circle_outline","svgPath":"M 0 -5 A 5 5 0 1 1 10 -5 A 5 5 0 1 1 0 -5","vegaSymbolName":"circle","filled":false},{"name":"square_outline","svgPath":"M0 -10 l10 0 l0 10 l-10 0 l0 -10 Z","vegaSymbolName":"square","filled":false},{"name":"diamond","svgPath":"M0 -5 L5 -10 L10 -5 L5 0 Z","vegaSymbolName":"diamond","filled":true},{"name":"diamond_outline","svgPath":"M0 -5 L5 -10 L10 -5 L5 0 Z","vegaSymbolName":"diamond","filled":false}]}},"serviceDefinition":{"name":"chinese","domain":"","section":"","siteName":"BBC Chinese","locale":{"languageCode":"zh-Hans","textDirection":"ltr","shortDate":"Y/M/D","shortTime":"ah:mm","decimalSeparator":".","thousandsSeparator":",","grouping":[3],"currency":"{symbol}{number}","percent":"{number}{symbol}","numerals":["0","1","2","3","4","5","6","7","8","9"]},"openGraph":{"article-author":"","twitter-site":"","twitter-creator":"","twitter-domain":""},"globalTheme":{"fontFamily":"Helvetica, Arial, 'STHeiti', '华文黑体', 'Microsoft YaHei', '微软雅黑', 'SimSun', '宋体'"}}});

物價通脹可能會對津巴布韋人的日常生活衝擊更大。2017年末穆加貝下台時,年度通貨膨脹率大約為5%。直到2018年年底,通脹都保持在較低水凖,但是2019年上半年急速飆升,6月份年化通脹率高達176%

/* sc-component-id: components__EditorialFooterDiv-s4q8aoa-0 */.kKlRIM.kKlRIM{max-width:100%;width:100%;font-size:16px;box-sizing:border-box;word-break:break-word;display:-webkit-box;display:-webkit-flex;display:-ms-flexbox;display:flex;-webkit-align-items:flex-end;-webkit-box-align:flex-end;-ms-flex-align:flex-end;align-items:flex-end;} .kKlRIM.kKlRIM:last-of-type{border-top:1px solid;margin-top:2px;} .kKlRIM.kKlRIM:last-of-type{padding-top:4px;}/* sc-component-id: components__EditorialFooterSource-s4q8aoa-2 */.eaehaZ.eaehaZ{max-width:100%;width:100%;box-sizing:border-box;word-break:break-word;display:-webkit-box;display:-webkit-flex;display:-ms-flexbox;display:flex;-webkit-box-pack:justify;-webkit-justify-content:space-between;-ms-flex-pack:justify;justify-content:space-between;}/* sc-component-id: components__EditorialFooterBBCLogo-s4q8aoa-3 */.fFKUty.fFKUty{margin:4px 0;box-sizing:border-box;height:15px;width:45px;opacity:0.6;margin-left:4px;-webkit-flex:0 0 auto;-ms-flex:0 0 auto;flex:0 0 auto;}/* sc-component-id: components__EditorialTitle-s4q8aoa-4 */.bCwWpe.bCwWpe{font-size:24px;font-weight:bold;line-height:29px;word-break:break-word;padding:0;margin:0;}/* sc-component-id: VegaGraph__VegaContainer-s1vljnmg-0 */.fMcNIw.fMcNIw{padding:16px 0;}/* sc-component-id: VegaGraphic__GraphicContainer-hdlj7c-0 */.iiWFxl.iiWFxl{width:100%;background-color:#fff;font-family:Helvetica,Arial,'STHeiti','华文黑体','Microsoft YaHei','微软雅黑','SimSun','宋体';box-sizing:border-box;} html, body{ margin: 0; padding: 0; } @font-face { font-family: 'ReithSans'; font-display: swap; src: url(/static/media/BBCReithSans_W_Rg.woff2) format("woff2"), url(/static/media/BBCReithSans_W_Rg.woff) format("woff"); } @font-face { font-family: 'ReithSans'; font-display: swap; src: url(/static/media/BBCReithSans_W_Md.woff2) format("woff2"), url(/static/media/BBCReithSans_W_Md.woff) format("woff"); font-weight: bold; } @font-face { font-family: 'BBCNassim'; font-display: swap; src: url(/static/media/BBCNassimRegularFADesktop.ttf) format("truetype"); } @font-face { font-family: 'BBCNassim'; font-display: swap; src: url(/static/media/BBCNassimBoldFADesktop.ttf) format("truetype"); font-weight: bold; } @font-face { font-family: 'Iskoola_pota_bbc'; font-display: swap; src: url(/static/media/iskpotaRegular.ttf) format("truetype"); } @font-face { font-family: 'Iskoola_pota_bbc'; font-display: swap; src: url(/static/media/iskpotaBold.ttf) format("truetype"); font-weight: bold; } @font-face { font-family: 'Latha'; font-display: swap; src: url(/static/media/lathaRegular.ttf) format("truetype"); } @font-face { font-family: 'Latha'; font-display: swap; src: url(/static/media/lathaBold.ttf) format("truetype"); font-weight: bold; } @font-face { font-family: 'Mangal'; font-display: swap; src: url(/static/media/mangalRegular.ttf) format("truetype"); } @font-face { font-family: 'Mangal'; font-display: swap; src: url(/static/media/mangalBold.ttf) format("truetype"); font-weight: bold; } @font-face { font-family: 'Noto Sans CJK KR'; font-display: swap; src: url(/static/media/NotoSansCJKkr-Regular.otf) format("opentype"); } @font-face { font-family: 'Noto Sans CJK KR'; font-display: swap; src: url(/static/media/NotoSansCJKkr-Bold.otf) format("opentype"); font-weight: bold; } @font-face { font-family: 'Noto Sans Gurmukhi'; font-display: swap; src: url(/static/media/NotoSansGurmukhi-Regular.ttf) format("truetype"); } @font-face { font-family: 'Noto Sans Gurmukhi'; font-display: swap; src: url(/static/media/NotoSansGurmukhi-Bold.ttf) format("truetype"); font-weight: bold; } @font-face { font-family: 'Padauk'; font-display: swap; src: url(/static/media/PadaukRegular.ttf) format("truetype"); } @font-face { font-family: 'Padauk'; font-display: swap; src: url(/static/media/PadaukBold.ttf) format("truetype"); font-weight: bold; } @font-face { font-family: 'Shonar_bangala'; font-display: swap; src: url(/static/media/ShonarRegular.ttf) format("truetype"); } @font-face { font-family: 'Shonar_bangala'; font-display: swap; src: url(/static/media/ShonarBold.ttf) format("truetype"); font-weight: bold; } @font-face { font-family: 'NotoSansEthiopic'; font-display: swap; src: url(/static/media/NotoSansEthiopic-Regular.ttf) format("truetype"); } @font-face { font-family: 'NotoSansEthiopic'; font-display: swap; src: url(/static/media/NotoSansEthiopic-Bold.ttf) format("truetype"); font-weight: bold; }
食品價格漲勢
來源:世界糧食署2019年數據
IDT.init({"graphicUUID":"541ed9e0-b04b-4a6b-a4ed-10b5adf1517e","spec":{"$schema":"https://vega.github.io/schema/vega/v4.0.0.json","padding":0,"autosize":{"type":"fit","resize":false,"contains":"padding"},"config":{"axis":{"domainColor":"#CCCCCC","tickColor":"#CCCCCC","gridColor":"#CCCCCC","ticks":false,"labelFontSize":16,"labelPadding":10,"labelFont":{"signal":"fontFamily"},"labelLimit":1000,"titleFont":{"signal":"fontFamily"},"titleFontSize":13,"titleFontWeight":"normal","titleLimit":{"signal":"chartWidth"}},"legend":{"labelLimit":1000}},"signals":[{"name":"angleLabels","value":false},{"name":"alphaIDKeys","value":false},{"name":"leftEdge","value":0},{"name":"customLegendColumns","value":1},{"name":"alphabetKeyColumns","value":1},{"name":"customLegendX2","value":null},{"name":"alphabetKeyX2","value":null},{"name":"RTL","value":false},{"name":"chartHeight","value":300},{"name":"chartWidth","value":300},{"name":"hiddenBottomAxisLabelIndexes","value":[]},{"name":"chartPlotWidth","value":null},{"name":"leftAxisTitleLongerThanLabels","value":true},{"name":"canUseAlphaIDKeys","value":true},{"name":"fontFamily","value":"Helvetica, Arial, 'STHeiti', '华文黑体', 'Microsoft YaHei', '微软雅黑', 'SimSun', '宋体'"}],"data":[{"name":"idtData","values":[{"category":"一月","localisedCategory":"一月","alphaIDCategory":"A","keyedCategory":"A - 一月","parsedValue":63.7,"localisedValue":"63.7"},{"category":"二月","localisedCategory":"二月","alphaIDCategory":"B","keyedCategory":"B - 二月","parsedValue":69.8,"localisedValue":"69.8"},{"category":"三月","localisedCategory":"三月","alphaIDCategory":"C","keyedCategory":"C - 三月","parsedValue":78.4,"localisedValue":"78.4"},{"category":"四月","localisedCategory":"四月","alphaIDCategory":"D","keyedCategory":"D - 四月","parsedValue":92.4,"localisedValue":"92.4"},{"category":"五月","localisedCategory":"五月","alphaIDCategory":"E","keyedCategory":"E - 五月","parsedValue":126.3,"localisedValue":"126.3"},{"category":"六月","localisedCategory":"六月","alphaIDCategory":"F","keyedCategory":"F - 六月","parsedValue":252.1,"localisedValue":"252.1"}]},{"name":"alphabetKeyData","values":[{"localisedCategory":"一月","keyedCategory":"A - 一月"},{"localisedCategory":"二月","keyedCategory":"B - 二月"},{"localisedCategory":"三月","keyedCategory":"C - 三月"},{"localisedCategory":"四月","keyedCategory":"D - 四月"},{"localisedCategory":"五月","keyedCategory":"E - 五月"},{"localisedCategory":"六月","keyedCategory":"F - 六月"}]}],"layout":{"columns":1,"padding":{"row":0,"column":0}},"marks":[{"type":"group","name":"customLegend_alphabetKey","interactive":false,"encode":{"update":{"width":{"signal":"canUseAlphaIDKeys && alphaIDKeys ? null : 0"},"height":{"signal":"canUseAlphaIDKeys && alphaIDKeys ? null : 0"},"clip":{"signal":"canUseAlphaIDKeys && alphaIDKeys ? null : true"}}},"marks":[{"type":"group","name":"legendHorizontalPositioner","encode":{"update":{"x":[{"test":"RTL && item.items.length","signal":"leftEdge + chartWidth - alphabetKeyX2"},{"signal":"leftEdge"}]}},"layout":{"columns":{"signal":"alphabetKeyColumns"},"padding":{"row":5,"column":15},"align":"each"},"marks":[{"type":"group","from":{"facet":{"data":"alphabetKeyData","name":"legendFacet","groupby":["localisedCategory"]}},"layout":{"columns":2,"padding":{"row":0,"column":5},"align":"each"},"marks":[{"type":"group","marks":[{"type":"text","from":{"data":"legendFacet"},"encode":{"enter":{"font":{"signal":"fontFamily"},"fontSize":{"value":16}},"update":{"limit":{"signal":"chartWidth - (item.mark.items.length * 20)"},"align":{"signal":"RTL ? \"right\" : \"left\""},"dir":{"signal":"RTL ? \"right\" : \"left\""},"text":{"field":{"signal":"canUseAlphaIDKeys && alphaIDKeys ? \"keyedCategory\" : \"localisedCategory\""}}}}}]}]}]}]},{"type":"group","encode":{"update":{"height":{"signal":"canUseAlphaIDKeys && alphaIDKeys ? 16 : 0"}}}},{"type":"group","name":"chart","encode":{"update":{"width":{"signal":"width"},"height":{"signal":"chartHeight"}}},"scales":[{"name":"categoryScale","type":"band","domain":{"data":"idtData","field":{"signal":"canUseAlphaIDKeys && alphaIDKeys ? \"alphaIDCategory\" : \"localisedCategory\""}},"range":[0,{"signal":"chartPlotWidth || chartWidth"}],"paddingInner":0.4,"paddingOuter":0.1,"round":true},{"name":"magnitudeScale","type":"linear","domain":{"data":"idtData","field":"parsedValue"},"range":[{"signal":"chartHeight"},0],"nice":true,"zero":true,"round":true,"domainMax":null,"domainMin":null},{"name":"ColourScale","type":"ordinal","domain":{"data":"idtData","field":{"signal":"canUseAlphaIDKeys && alphaIDKeys ? \"alphaIDCategory\" : \"localisedCategory\""}},"range":["#1380A1"]}],"axes":[{"orient":"left","scale":"magnitudeScale","titleAngle":0,"titleBaseline":"bottom","titleY":-14,"titleX":{"signal":"leftAxisTitleLongerThanLabels ? leftEdge : 0","offset":{"signal":"leftAxisTitleLongerThanLabels ? 2 : 0"}},"titleAlign":{"signal":"leftAxisTitleLongerThanLabels ? \"left\" : \"right\""},"domain":true,"grid":false,"labels":true,"labelOverlap":"parity","zero":false,"encode":{"axis":{"name":"axisLeft"},"grid":{"update":{"x":0,"x2":{"signal":"chartPlotWidth || chartWidth"}}}}},{"orient":"bottom","scale":"categoryScale","titlePadding":10,"domain":false,"grid":false,"labels":true,"labelPadding":15,"labelOverlap":"parity","labelAngle":{"signal":"angleLabels ? -60 : 0"},"encode":{"axis":{"name":"axisBottom"},"grid":{"update":{"y":{"value":0},"y2":{"signal":"-chartHeight"}}},"labels":{"update":{"align":{"signal":"(angleLabels) ? \"right\" : \"center\""},"text":{"signal":"indexof(hiddenBottomAxisLabelIndexes, datum.index) < 0 ? datum.label : \"\""}}}}}],"marks":[{"type":"rect","name":"zeroLineBottom","interactive":false,"zindex":3,"clip":false,"encode":{"update":{"x":{"value":0},"y":{"scale":"magnitudeScale","value":0},"width":{"signal":"chartPlotWidth || chartWidth"},"height":{"value":2},"fill":{"value":"#000"}}}},{"name":"VerticalBarMarks","type":"rect","from":{"data":"idtData"},"encode":{"update":{"x":{"scale":"categoryScale","field":{"signal":"canUseAlphaIDKeys && alphaIDKeys ? \"alphaIDCategory\" : \"localisedCategory\""}},"width":{"scale":"categoryScale","band":1},"y":{"scale":"magnitudeScale","value":0,"offset":{"value":1}},"y2":{"scale":"magnitudeScale","field":"parsedValue","offset":{"value":1}},"fill":{"scale":"ColourScale","field":{"signal":"canUseAlphaIDKeys && alphaIDKeys ? \"alphaIDCategory\" : \"localisedCategory\""}},"stroke":[{"test":"scale('ColourScale', datum[canUseAlphaIDKeys && alphaIDKeys ? \"alphaIDCategory\" : \"localisedCategory\"]) === '#FFFFFF'","value":"#000000"},{"scale":"ColourScale","field":{"signal":"canUseAlphaIDKeys && alphaIDKeys ? \"alphaIDCategory\" : \"localisedCategory\""}}]}}}]}]},"graphicData":{"editorial":{"title":"食品價格漲勢","subtitle":"","footnote":"","source":"來源:世界糧食署2019年數據","sourceLink":"","showBBCLogo":true,"longDescription":""},"service":"chinese","data":[["日期","增幅%\r"],["一月","63.7\r"],["二月","69.8\r"],["三月","78.4\r"],["四月","92.4\r"],["五月","126.3\r"],["六月","252.1\r"]],"firstColIsYears":false,"type":"ColumnChart","axes":{"bottom":{"position":"Bottom","gridLines":false,"showLabels":true,"autoSkipLabels":true,"autoTruncateLabels":false,"valueLabels":false,"customStep":0},"left":{"position":"Left","gridLines":false,"showLabels":true,"autoSkipLabels":true,"autoTruncateLabels":false,"valueLabels":false,"customStep":0}},"colourScheme":{"palette":"News","colours":{"value":{"name":"Blue","hex":"#1380A1","baseColour":true,"tints":[{"name":"Blue Shade 4 ","hex":"#0B4D60","baseColour":false},{"name":"Blue","hex":"#1380A1","baseColour":true},{"name":"Blue Shade 3 ","hex":"#4BA7BC","baseColour":false},{"name":"Blue Shade 2 ","hex":"#A1CCD9","baseColour":false},{"name":"Blue Shade 1 ","hex":"#CFE1E5","baseColour":false}]},"type":"SingleColourBars"}},"useAlphabetKey":true},"serviceDefinition":{"name":"chinese","domain":"","section":"","siteName":"BBC Chinese","locale":{"languageCode":"zh-Hans","textDirection":"ltr","shortDate":"Y/M/D","shortTime":"ah:mm","decimalSeparator":".","thousandsSeparator":",","grouping":[3],"currency":"{symbol}{number}","percent":"{number}{symbol}","numerals":["0","1","2","3","4","5","6","7","8","9"]},"openGraph":{"article-author":"","twitter-site":"","twitter-creator":"","twitter-domain":""},"globalTheme":{"fontFamily":"Helvetica, Arial, 'STHeiti', '华文黑体', 'Microsoft YaHei', '微软雅黑', 'SimSun', '宋体'"}}});

單看食品價格,現狀顯得更加糟糕。聯合國說,2019年6月公布的數字顯示,年度食品通脹率超過250%。聯合國糧食計劃署已經呼籲建立食品援助基金,稱津巴布韋在颶風、乾旱、經濟微米的衝擊下遭遇「最嚴重的饑餓危機」。

回顧過去,津巴布韋有過更加糟糕的時期嗎?

儘管眼下經濟慘淡,穆加貝統治期間,津巴布韋經歷過更加嚴峻的局面。

2007-2009年間出現超級通脹,貨幣嚴重貶值。聯合國說,2008年,通脹一度高達百分之5000億。而且,失業率也相當之高。

BBC在哈拉雷的記者恩沃卡(Shingai Nvoka)說,2008年,食品貨架幾乎是空空蕩蕩,比現在的形勢要糟糕許多。

記者說,穆加貝接手的是穩定運作的經濟,執政前15年,他以此為基礎推動發展,津巴布韋黑人中產階層持續壯大,但後20年他摧毀了津巴布韋經濟。現政府執政將近兩年,仍在試圖解決穆加貝時期的遺留問題。